The Lesvos island is located in the northen Aegean. It is the third largest Greek island after Crete and Evia
It has an area of 1636 square km. The island has a population of 90.634 inhabitants. It belongs to the North Aegean and is in the prefecture of Lesvos.
The capital of the Island of Lesvos and the prefecture is Mytilene, built on the southwest tip of the island it is a modern city the commercial and the culture center what’s the population of 27,247 residents. Mytilene is the administrative center of the seat of Lesvos. It is the prefecture of the region of the northern Aegean and Aegean university, and it is divided administratively into 13 municipalities.
The Island has two Gulfs.
Gulf of Gera and gulf of kalloni and many bays and promontories. The highest mountains are Lepetimnos, Olympus and Psilokoudouno. There are streams which flow through plains, they have been inhabited by Tsicheotas, Mylopotamos Sedountas and Almyropotamos.
The eastern and central parts are densely planted with olive trees, pines, firs,trees, chestnuts, beech and oaks. Generally the flora and fauna of the island is rich. The climate of Lesvos is mild, Mediterranean climate with sunshine throughout the year.
The local economy is based on agriculture and specifically in the olives, producing an exceptional quality olive oil and the livestock fisheries. It is developed by the industry of distillery production of ouzo and many inhabitants are professionally engaged in tourism.
Sightseeing and museums of Lesvos
There are many options of sightseeing you can see. Castle of Mytilene, caslte of Molyvos. The Castle of Molyvos (or Mithimna) is on top of a hill filled with pine trees, above Molyvos village, which is only 9 km from Anaxos Hill Hotel.
The Castle of Molyvos stands as a great historical monument for the whole island and as one of the most well-preserved castles in Eastern Mediterranean. Open to the public, this castle and the castle of Mytilene are the most famous and strongest of Lesvos.
The Castle of Molyvos (or Mythimna) was probably constructed in the mid 13th century and it was renovated in 1373 by the Genovese Frangisk I Guateluzo. However, it also went under reformations by the Turks in 1462, so it is evident that the architectural style went under many changes.
This is a well-constructed fortress with strong walls, signs, coat of arms and other distinctive elements. The Castle is divided into many levels, connected to each other with paved paths. The entrance door of the Castle is made of strong wood, covered by metallic tables.
The Medieval Castle of Mytilene on Lesvos: The Castle of Mytilene, the capital of Lesvos island, is built around a hill, close to the port. This is one of the strongest and largest castles of the Eastern Mediterranean. It is believed that the Byzantines were the first to build the walls of this Castle on the site of the ancient acropolis, of which we have no clue today. Its construction started in the 5th century in order to protect the island for the pirates that were ravaging the Mediterranean.
Many reformations were done in the 14th century, under the domination of the Genovese family of Gatelouzi.
Then, the island of Lesvos was conquered by the Turks, and so was the Castle of Mytilene. The Turks also made many reconstructions and the most important was the one in 1677. In the inside walls of the Castle, remains of the ancient, the medieval and the Ottoman periods have been found. Today, many cultural events are held in this castle.
In Lesvos you can visit a lot of monuments like the Petrified Forest
A unique natural monument located at Sigri village in Lesvos. Petrified trunks, scattered over an area of 150 square kilometres surrounded by the settlements of Sigri, Eressos and Antissa in western Lesvos. Nature has a way of turning organic material into stone, this process is called petrification. In fact, petrification is a process by which wood is turned to stone, so petrified trees are, in fact, a type of fossil. In this process, all the organic elements of the tree are replaced with minerals like quartz or silicate but the tree keeps the same form, even to a microscopic level, so tree rings and other typical marks of vegetal tissues can be observed.
Petrification takes place underground and the buried wood, being in contact with sediments and mineral-rich waters flowing through the tree’s cells, starts changing its own chemical structure. Cellulose easily decays away and a mineral mold, stone, takes its place. Due to the lack of oxygen, the wood is this way preserved and the different elements taking part may color the petrified wood in different ways.
The huge environmental, geological and paleontological value of the Petrified Forest earned a national recognition when it was declared a Natural Monument by the Greek State, and an international one, when it became a founding member of the European Geoparks Network and a member of the Global Geoparks Network.
Lesvos has many museums of special interest to visit. Here are some of them:
Archaeological Museum of Mytilene. The museum of Theophilos and the Library of Teriade in Varia. The industrial Olive Museum in Agia Paraskevi, the Ouzo Museum “Barbayiannis” in Plomari, the Olive press Museum “Archipelagos” in Gera, the Museum – Collection of Natural History in Vrissa polichnitos, the Digital muesum of “George Iakovidis” in Chydira and the scholl of Fine Arts in Molyvos. Also you can visit Lesvos’s ancient theatre.
Several Churches and Monasterries are awaiting of you to visit them
Here are some of them: The Cathedral Church of St. Athanasious and the Church of St. Therapon in Mytilene.
The Monastries of Archangel Michael in Madamados and Saint Raphael in Thermi. The church of Panagia Gorgona (mermaid Mary) in Skala Sykaminia, the church of Virgin Mary in Petra (just 3 km from Anaxos Hill) the Holy Church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Agiasos, the monastery of Limonas in Kalloni which founded in 1523 and was used as a spiritual center during the Ottoman occupation. The Byzantine monastery Ipsilou in honor of St. John the Theologian which is located to the way from Antissa to Sigri at an altitude of 511 meters.
Springs of Lesvos Island
Ιn Lesvos island you can swim in hot springs. These are the Hot Springs in Gera, in Thermi, in Polichnitos and in Eftalou which are just 13 km from our hotel.
You can also hiking in case to visit the small waterfall Man Katsa at the way for Madamados and the waterfalls of Pessas Springs at the way from Polichnitos to Agiassos
Finaly in the natural beauties of Lesvos, with it’s rich flora and fauna, include the following wetlands:
The wetlands in Kalloni Gulf, in Vatera – Polichnitos, in Depi – Larsos in Gera and the one in Eresos – western Lesvos.